Adoption Love: One Dad’s Story

by John Hoffman

In all the varied public discussion of fatherhood I’ve heard and read about over the years there is one topic I’ve heard very little about.  Adoption.

Adoption is a normal human experience. It’s been happening throughout history. We do hear about adoption. But the stories we hear are mostly about international adoptions, or adoptees being reunited with (or looking for) birth parents. We don’t hear much about everyday reality of connecting with and raising an adopted child. And especially, we don’t hear about fathers.

I’ve always wondered what it would like, as a father, to connect with a child who had existed and was cared for by someone outside of your family before you knew him. I can imagine that in some ways it might be similar to bonding with a birth child, but different in other ways. For one thing, adoption might reduce some of the biological head start that mothers usually get in parenting. But the thing I’m most curious about is, what is it like to meet that child for the first time, this child you really want to love, but who wasn’t yours to begin with?

There must be many different answers to that question because the experiences of adoptive families are so diverse.  So all I can really do here is give you a little window into that world through the experience of one dad.

Meet Mike, a 48-year-old father of two from Mississauga, Ontario. While I’m sure every adoption story is compelling, I find Mike’s particularly interesting. For one thing, almost overnight, he and his wife Lisa went from having given up on the idea of adoption to welcoming a 10 month-old baby into their home. It’s also interesting that Mike is the one who took the parental leave after the adoption.

“We had always wanted to have two children,” he says. “But after the birth of our son, it wasn’t possible to have another biological child. We registered with the Children’s Aid. They did an extensive home study. We did the classes for adoptive parents and went on a waiting list. But after three years of waiting, and knowing that we were getting older and that very few babies become available, we gave up our dream of adopting. We started selling the baby clothes and gear that we had been saving and began to plan our lives around being a one-child family.”

Then, out of the blue one day last December, Mike gets a call at work from their Children’s Aid worker.  A ten-month-old girl unexpectedly needed a home and Mike and Lisa were the top – well, the only – candidates to become her parents. Little Katie* was being fostered by an older woman who had suffered an injury and was no longer in a position to care for a baby. A few days later Mike and Lisa met with Children’s Aid staff to get the baby’s medical report and other background information.  A couple of days after that Mike and Lisa found themselves walking into the foster mom’s home to meet Katie for the first time.

Mike describes the scene.

“On one hand I went in there thinking this was pretty much a done deal – that we would adopt her. But on the other hand I was thinking, What are we getting ourselves into? Four days ago we had been planning our life without another child.  This was a little bit like going from the shallow end to the deep end really fast. We walked in and Katie was sitting on the living room floor. I saw this little chunky, sort of slobbery baby (She had a cold at the time.). But she was cute and looked happy and  healthy. Her foster mom was a textbook kindly grandmother.”

What was it like to hold her for the first time?

“It was different from meeting Jacob. He was born by c-section. I was the first one to hold him because Lisa was out of commission for a few minutes after the birth.  It was an overwhelming feeling to finally hold him after preparing for his arrival for so long. Holding Katie for the first time was different. I was a little anxious. I had experience as a father. I knew what to do. But I was also thinking, ‘Wow! Three days ago I wasn’t expecting to be doing this.’ But this is for real.”

Adoptions take place in stages. There were some scheduled visits with the foster mom and meetings with Children’s Aid staff. Then a week after first meeting Katie – on Boxing Day as it happened – Mike and Lisa took her home for an overnight visit.

“She seemed really happy to be at our house. When she saw our dog she squealed with delight and before long she was on the floor with Jacob. He was showing her a robot he got for Christmas. They took to each other immediately. It felt very comfortable. She slept well that night and it all really went well.”

Then on New Year’s Eve, just 16 days after that unexpected phone call, Katie came to her new home for good.  Mike had to scramble to arrange to go on parental leave. But overall the adjustment was not as jarring as you might think.

“The parenting instincts kick in. We’d looked after a baby before. We know how to do it. Really, after a few days, it felt like she’d always been with us and it still feels like that.”

Mike and Lisa, who was an adopted child herself, have very definite views about adoption. For one thing they don’t think it’s anything to hide.  “There’s no shame in adoption,” he says. “It shouldn’t be a secret. But you also have to be aware that while adoption is a happy story, it’s also always a story about loss. That’s something we have to be aware of.”

One thing Mike and Lisa are doing, perhaps to ease part of Katie’s experience of loss, is to maintain a relationship with the foster mother. “We’ve had her over for dinner a few times. Our son even calls her Nanna Barb*.  Katie is always happy to see her. But we’re the ones she comes to for comfort now. We don’t know exactly where the relationship will go, but we’re happy to keep her in the picture for now.  Kids need as much love as they can get.”

Too right! I think it’s awesome that people like Mike and Lisa, and so many others, are able to welcome non-biological children into their lives. What lucky kids to find these parents who are ready to care for them and love them. I am also very glad that our society has progressed to the point where families now have the flexibility for either parent to take parental leave or work outside the home according to what the family needs. That’s a good thing for fathers, mothers and kids.

Thank you Mike, for sharing your story and giving us a glimpse of what it’s like to a new adoptive dad.

*Children’s and foster mother’s names changed at the family’s request

Gender Equity in Parenting?

by John Hoffman

I believe strongly in the ideal of gender equity. That includes fathers being more involved in child care and mothers being able to do more work outside the home. Lots of people agree, of course. Researchers have been tracking the trends for many years.  Cool.

But I have a pet peeve about the spin that tends to get put on comparisons of how much time dads and moms spend doing child care and housework. For years, the story has been, “Dads are doing more, but it’s still not enough.” Here’s a recent headline from the Washington Post. “Once the baby comes, moms do more dads do less.” A 2013 report out of the Center for Work and Family at Boston College, stated that while two-thirds of fathers believe that partners should share childcare equally only 30 percent were actually doing it.

The media spin about mothers trying to catch up to fathers in the world of paid does not portray moms as “doing less.” It is more along the lines of “Canada’s working moms still earning less, doing more than dads.”  That’s a headline from the Globe and Mail three years ago. Mothers are held back by unfairness. But Dads simply aren’t doing their share.

I’m not saying there is no truth to that. My problem is that a key statistic is always – and I mean always – left out of these comparisons. Fathers spend more time at their paid jobs than mothers. So, like… they have less time available each day for housework and child care. Maybe people just take that as a given, something that doesn’t need to be mentioned. But it should be mentioned, because, well, if you work more outside the home you have less time available to work inside the home.

Back when I was doing communications work for the Father Involvement Research Alliance I got Statistics Canada to pull some numbers for me. And what I found was very interesting.

I wanted to compare mothers and fathers of relatively young kids in families where both parents work full-time. Most studies don’t do that. Many stats lump parents and non-parents, single parent families, two parent families, families with stay-home parents and two-income families all into one basket. That’s not a fair comparison. Many of those families have moms who aren’t in the work force or who work part-time. Some studies even include older people whose children have grown up or at least require very little hands on care. I wanted to compare parents in their prime child-rearing years (age 25 – 44) in families where both parents worked full-time.

And guess what? When you total up the “parent work day” (child care, housework and paid work combined) for those parents, the dad work day and the mom work day are the same length. The difference is that fathers spend about 15% more of their time on paid work and mothers spend about 15% more of their time on housework. So it turns out that mothers who work full-time tend to work fewer hours than their partners (with exceptions, of course). A lot of them do this so they can do more child care. The odd time, the father is the one who works fewer hours and does more child care. But usually it’s Mom.

This matters. It’s not fair to compare dads and moms on child care without taking into account the time they spend on paid work. I’m not saying it explains everything about gender inequity on the home front. But it’s part of the picture.  At least, I can’t see how we’re going to achieve gender equity on the home front until we see it on the paid work front. So let’s talk about it… at least, once in awhile.

If you’re interested in the nerdy details about the Dad and Mom “work day” you can read more on the FIRA site.

Click here to read the Center for Work and Families’ report on The New Dad.


Conflict with Your Ex: Inevitable . . . but you can handle it

by John Hoffman

One question I have been asked repeatedly because of my role as a fathering writer is, “What can I do when my ex-wife is interfering with (or being unreasonable about) my time with my kids?” For the record, I’ve also talked to moms who only wished their ex would spend more time with his children. However, this is a fathering blog, so…

It’s hard to know what to say to separated dads who feel partly (or wholly) cut out of their children’s lives. I have no personal experience or wisdom to draw on. And post-separation co-parenting problems can be all mixed up in personal issues: conflict, grief and anger. But these issues are raised with me often enough I feel I have to try to say something.

I decided to start by contacting a dad I know who seems to do a good job of navigating the minefields of post-separation parenting. Mac (not his real name) is in his late 20s and has two children with two different ex-partners, neither of whom he lives with. So he has double the potential for co-parenting problems. Even so, Mac has both of his kids (one a toddler) most weekends, and he has managed to avoid the real bitter conflict that often comes between divorced dads and their kids.

What’s his secret? Well, he doesn’t have one. Mac has co-parenting problems too. He told me about heated telephone calls with his ex and times when he arrived right on time to pick up his son, only to learn that Rory (eight years old) was still at his grandmother’s house. And although Mac very definitely sees himself as equally responsible for Rory’s well-being, he also sees he has less power. One example: “It feels to me as though she can give me a few weeks’ notice to say that she’ll be taking Rory on a week-long camping trip. But I need to ask permission to go away with him for that long.” When Mac and his first ex-partner split up, he was working 60 hours a week and she was at home. So Rory lived primarily with her. And since Mac was the one who moved out, his first living situation wasn’t as well set up for young kids. “I’ve lived in apartments with several roommates,” Mac says. “Sometimes I didn’t have a very good place for Rory to sleep.” So he didn’t feel he was in good position to negotiate for more time with Rory until recently, when he got a new more kid-friendly place.

Make no mistake. – the power imbalance bugs him. But what I admire is that Mac is keeping his eye on the greater goal. That goal is being as good a dad to Rory (and his young daughter) as he can in the time they have together. He also understands that avoiding conflict helps him keep his relationship with his kids. Mac has never had professional counselling, yet his ideas for minimizing conflict are almost word for word what I’ve heard from family counsellors over the years: Pick your battles. Try not to argue or badmouth your ex in front of the kids. Sometimes you just have to suck it up and keep your mouth shut.

That stuff is easy to say, hard to do. But as Mac says, “When it comes down to it, your ex is somebody you have to deal with regularly for the rest of your life.”  Exactly! Separated/divorced fathers sometimes have to do this really hard thing. They have to put a lot of mental energy into having a good – or at least businesslike – relationship with someone they’d just as soon see as little as possible.

Obviously, separated moms should do this, too. But because of the power imbalance, fathers often need to work harder at keeping things amicable.

Here’s the thing. If you’re in a position of less power but try to act like you have equal power, you’re likely to end up in a lot of power struggles that you will lose. And even if you win, there is often a cost, as several separated dads, including Mac, have told me.

One of Mac’s strategies to avoid conflict is to not burn his energy stressing about some of the things that bug him. “There are things that go on at her house that I don’t like, but I just don’t talk to her about them because it doesn’t get me anything but frustration and more conflict.”

I think that’s wise. He has worked for eight years to get himself into a position where he can negotiate for 50/50 time with his kids. Along with focusing on their needs, one of the smartest things he has done is not make his position any worse. Of course, some guys who do all the right things to minimize conflict and be good fathers can still end up in pretty tough situations. And at that point you probably need legal help.

Good luck with it. Get all the support you can. And if you need professional help to deal with grief or anger, please get it. Taking care of your own well-being and mental health will help your kids (and you) in the long run.

For more information about post-separation fathering check out Full-time Dad, Part-time Kids, Dad Central’s booklet for separated and divorced fathers.

Dads at Birth: What have we learned in 40 years?

by John Hoffman

We take fathers’ presence at the births of their children for granted now. But it was controversial when it first started 40-odd years ago. So, I salute the pioneers, the dads who pushed to be in the delivery room, and the many women – mothers and childbirth activists who helped get them there.

It was one thing to get Dad into the delivery room. But it took awhile to figure out what his proper role was. The original role was “coach.” That’s how I thought of myself leading up to the birth of our first child in 1984. I can even remember our childbirth class instructor referring to us guys as “coaches,” even though she referred to the women as moms.

Contrast that with the experience of Rob Beaton, who became a first-time father in December of 2014.  Nobody told him that he was supposed to be a coach. He didn’t hear the word even once during prenatal classes.

I think that’s good.  A coach is supposed to be an expert, the person who tells other people what to do. Fathers, especially first time dads, don’t have anything like that sort of experience or expertise.

Here’s a telling example of my coaching “prowess.”  At our first birth, not long after we got to the hospital (and after many hours of contractions at home), I was coaching Holly to do the ultimate breathing techniques. These were ones we were supposed to save for the last hour or two before the birth. Then a nurse came in to check on Holly and breezily informed us that she still wasn’t even in active labour!  At that point my confidence was shot. Me a coach? I needed a coach!

I totally rejected the role of coach after that. I thought, “I’m a participant. I might need a bit of support myself at times.”  Fortunately, we had much better support from health professionals for our next two births and I was far more comfortable in the role I played.

I was glad to hear how positive Rob felt about the role he played in the birth of his son, Everett. “I really just expected to help Erinn stay calm and be a squeeze toy for her during contractions,” he says. “And I felt like I was able to help her a great deal.” Rob also felt validated and supported by the professionals in the room. “I felt like an active participant. The doctor, the nurse and the midwife included me and supported me all along the way,” he says. Nice.

Sure, there were some difficult moments. Erinn was in tears a couple of times. And the birth didn’t go exactly as they had hoped.  She got stuck at five cm dilation and ended up having a caesarean section (“little” Everett weighed over 11 lbs.!)

Rob says that when they got the word that it was going to be a C-section, his role changed from birth partner to butler. “It was a mad scramble to gather up all our stuff, get my gown on and move everything down to the delivery room,” he says. “I was afraid I was going to miss the birth.”

But he made it on time and he was very pumped that he got to cut the cord. He still talks about the experience in glowing terms.

I’m not sure what we can conclude from contrasting Rob’s experience with mine a generation earlier. Families’ birth experiences are very diverse, and the exact role that a father plays depends on a lot of variables. But I do think we may have figured out a more appropriate role for fathers in birth. And that includes recognizing that, while labour and birth isn’t about them, dads need some support of their own.

But let’s take it down to a more individual level. I think there are a couple of lessons here for fathers-to-be. One is don’t expect too much of yourself, and the other is expect – or at least be prepared for – the unexpected. There are so many variables involved in birth, you can’t possibly anticipate all of them, no matter how well you prepare yourself. You may read about average lengths of labour and times between contractions. But in reality there is an incredibly wide range of normal in the world of labour and birth.

I can still recall the wise words that one father said to me some years ago about supporting his wife through labour, “You can’t speed it up. You can’t save her from the pain. But she’ll appreciate what you did for her for the rest of your life”

I’d just like to add that, while it’s true that you can’t control the pain of childbirth, your presence and support can make it little better.  And a little better makes a bigger difference than we sometimes think. Just keep telling yourself that if the going gets tough. Because it’s almost certainly true.


If you’re a dad looking for practical ideas on how to support your partner during labour and birth check out these articles on the Dad Central Ontario website: Fathers at Birth. How mothers say they helped and Fathers at Birth. Being there – for her and for you.

Dads, Keep Leaning In

by John Hoffman

I’m old enough to be a grandpa, but I still remember parts of my earliest weeks of fatherhood like it was yesterday. Two things surprised me. One was how hard it was, at first, to be the kind of hands-on dad I had planned to be. The other surprise was that biggest roadblock to my involvement with the baby was… my wife.  I don’t mean she intentionally tried to keep me from being involved. But – well, let me tell you a little story.

Riley was a high needs baby (cried a lot, slept not so much). So our early days as new parents were long and our nights were interrupted. One day, when he was about six weeks old, Holly seemed desperately tired. I was determined to “give” her a decent afternoon nap. So after lunch, when Riley was freshly changed, nursed and sleeping, I shooed her upstairs. I vowed to keep him quiet for at least an hour, like real quiet. I had noticed that Holly was amazingly wired and tuned in to the baby and she felt a massive sense of responsibility that the buck stopped with her if he wasn’t OK. In other words, if he made a peep, she’d hear it.

True to form, Riley started to squirm and squawk in his carriage five minutes after she left. So I started pushing the carriage back and forth hoping the movement would soothe him. It worked! But, five minutes later he started fussing again. I got him settled again. Then a couple minutes later he made a few little grunts. I thought, “OK. I guess I’m pushing this carriage back and forth for the next hour.” All of a sudden I heard this thumping up in the bedroom and Holly comes tearing down the stairs as if the house was on fire. Either that or she was furious at my failed attempts to keep Riley quiet. Here body language seemed to say, “WHAT ARE YOU DOING TO MY BABY?!”

But she didn’t say anything. She just scooped Riley up and went back upstairs. I was left alone, feeling pretty useless, and, if truth be told, a little ticked off, too. I thought, “Hey, I was doing OK. She didn’t need to rescue me. She’s not going to get the rest she needs unless I get a chance to learn how to comfort him.” I didn’t say any of this. I just thought it.

This kind of thing – Holly seeming to scoop the baby away from me in difficult moments – happened fairly regularly, in my mind at least. It bothered me, but for some reason I knew I had to suck it up.  Eventually I learned to live with it.  Holly and I even joked about it eventually. And I had to keep reminding myself to not blame her because, basically, she couldn’t help it. It’s called being a new mom.

It took me a long time to fully understand what was going on. Her behaviour, which felt like a judgment of my baby care skills – actually had nothing to do with me. It was all about her – her intense physical and emotional connection to the baby and her sense of responsibility that she had to ensure that her baby was OK.  I think it’s often hard for a new mom to distinguish between the baby’s needs and her needs. It was sort of like, “My baby’s not OK. I’m not OK.” Holly didn’t feel that she could relax and rest unless she knew – actually, unless she could “feel” that Riley was OK. And if that meant that she, rather than me, had to do something about it (and of course, as a breastfeeding mom, she had the magic trick) she was going to do it.

So even though I was pretty involved I felt like second fiddle a lot of the time. And I never really figured out how to be co-first fiddle – at least when the kids were babies. Second fiddle wasn’t what I wanted. But I learned to accept that I just had to figure out how to be as closely involved as I could within the reality of the way my wife was experiencing motherhood. I now see that as an important part of being a hands-on dad.

I can’t say that every family is going to have this exact experience. But, I’m still hearing about this tension from both fathers and mothers.

I think the lesson is that guys who want to be hands-on dads in the early days of parenthood need to pay close attention to their partner’s experience and needs. Mothers usually have this intense visceral (she feels it in her body) connection to her baby, along with a super strong sense of responsibility for the baby’s welfare. Guys feel some of that too, but it’s not as intense, not most of the time anyway. That mom intensity is normal – good, in fact, because it helps women be good moms. But it sometimes pushes them to do things that feel undermining to us. Some people call this gatekeeping. I don’t. I call it being a new mom.

Bottom line. Dads who want to be involved in baby care need to learn how to (to borrow a phrase from a best-selling book) “lean in.” By that I mean keep trying to nudge your way into the mom/baby world, while accepting the reality that you’ll be nudged to the sidelines at times. The key is keep leaning in. Because if a father stays on the sidelines because he thinks his efforts are not wanted to accepted, there can end up being a huge gap between Mom and Dad’s parenting skills. That will make it even harder for Mom to “lean out” so Dad can find the time and space he needs to develop his skills.

It would be lovely if new parenthood were completely equal in terms of gender roles. But it isn’t, not for most dad/mom couples anyway. It usually takes fathers a little longer to find their feet as parents. So, be patient. Try to understand and appreciate what motherhood is like for your partner. Give her as much support as you can. And keep leaning in.

Oh, and Happy Father’s Day!

How To Parent When You Are Angry

by John Hoffman

This might sound like a negative topic for a blog. But actually it’s pretty important. Raising children is an emotional experience. Positive emotions give us a good kind of energy that helps us connect with our kids and enjoy them. That helps us to be good parents.

But any dad (or mom) quickly learns anger is part of raising children too. Unfortunately, anger and other negative emotions suck the energy out of us. That makes it harder to be a good parent. So knowing how to parent reasonably well when you’re angry is an important dad skill.

I’m not going to pretend that this is a simple skill that can be learned easily from a blog. But here are few ideas that might help.

Accept that negative emotions are inevitable. Don’t kick yourself for getting angry with your kids sometimes. It happens to all parents. Just try to deal with it as well as you can and move on. If you do a good job of managing your own anger, your children will learn important lessons about how to handle their own emotions.

Avoid making important decisions and choices when you are angry. There’s a very old saying. “When angry, count to ten before you speak. If you’re very angry, count to 100.” There’s a good reason for that. When we’re upset we are all in danger of saying and doing things we will regret later. So resist the urge to deliver lesson-giving lectures or make important discipline decisions when you’re very angry. Usually there is no need to respond right away (unless there is a safety issue). Wait until you have calmed down. Whatever you have to say, it can wait. And you’ll say it better (and your kids will hear it better) if you say it later, when you’ve had some time to settle down and think about what you need to say.

Take a time-out. If you’re extremely upset it is often wiser to leave your child alone for a few minutes, than to do something you might regret later. If another adult is available, get them to take over.

Apologize for your overly angry words and deeds. All parents make angry mistakes sometimes. If you’ve done something you shouldn’t have done, you can’t take it back. But you can lessen the damage by saying you’re sorry. “I was really angry when I called you an idiot and I didn’t really mean it. I’m sorry.” Apologizing doesn’t make you seem weak to your children. It shows them that you care and that you are fair minded. It also sets a good example for them. Children need to learn how to repair their own angry mistakes. They can learn a lot from your example.

Ask for help. If you are angry a lot of the time, that’s not good. Not good for you, your kids or your partner. Chronic anger means something. Maybe your child’s behaviour is particularly challenging and your family needs expert help. Maybe you need more support from your family and friends. Anger can be a symptom of high stress levels*. It can even be a symptom of depression. So, if you are angry a lot of the time, seek help. Asking for help is not the sign of a bad dad. It’s the sign of a good man who wants to be the best parent he can be.

*The Psychology Foundation of Canada recently launched an online self-help management tool called Stress Strategies ( The tool guides you through a problem-solving process designed to: help you understand your stress, choose a stress management strategy that makes sense for you and find resources that can help people solve problems that cause stress.

The Two Most Important Words in Baby Brain Development

by John Hoffman

Wanna build your baby’s brain? I’ve got two words for you:  touch and interaction.

We’ve been hearing about the importance of baby brain development for over 20 years. And it is true. Baby brains do a lot of important growing in the first few years of life. But there has been way to much hype about “smart” babies. Companies pitch us toys, videos and other products that supposedly make babies smarter. A few years ago the company that makes “Baby Einstein” videos was ordered to stop claiming that their videos made babies smarter. One of the weirdest things I ever heard happened back in the 90s. The governors of Tennessee and Georgia were giving classical CDs to new parents. They had been told that listening to classical music made babies smarter.  Um…no.

Obviously, all sorts of things affect the way baby brains grow, but touch and interaction are way more important than things like toys or “Giggles” software.


I don’t think we really need research to tell us that babies need lots of touch. All you have to do is hang out with babies and you’ll quickly see that they crave touch and respond to it. Babies were meant to be held, carried and touched. Most parents figure this out on their own, but if you need a scientific explanation, there is one. Over the first months and years of your child’s life all sorts of brain and nerve pathways are being built. The brain uses these pathways to talk (and listen) to the rest of the body.

At birth, the pathways that are most developed are the ones that have to do with the senses. In fact, these sensory pathways form a sort of foundation for the brain development that comes later. So it’s a no brainer (pun intended) that touch is particularly important for infants. Skin-to-skin contact is particularly good. Did you know, for example, that skin-to skin contact helps newborn babies learn how to breastfeed more easily? They used to put newborn babies to the breast right away after birth. But now they know it’s better to just let the baby lie on Mom’s tummy for a little while. Skin-to-skin contact seems to help them know how to nurse. You can find videos about this on the internet. Very interesting to watch.

Skin-to skin with Dad is good too. But, really, any kind of physical contact is good for your baby. And you know what? Being involved in your baby’s care is the single best way to ensure you and your baby get the touch you both need. All that touching is good for you too, by the way. When you cuddle your baby your body releases hormones that help you bond.


People often say that baby brains need lots of stimulation. It’s true. Well, the best kind of stimulation for a baby brain is interaction with people who love them. First of all, babies need that interaction to feel safe and secure. Secondly, when a baby is interacting with Dad or Mom (or grandparents, aunts and uncles, siblings, or other nice people) she’s using all her senses. Her eyes, ears, nose and her sense of smell and taste, are sending her brain all kinds of information. Making sense of that information is a great workout for her brain. In fact, the ability to think starts with the brain’s ability to receive and make sense of information from the senses.

Interact with a baby and you’ll quickly see how incredibly interesting and exciting it is for him. Granted, communicating with babies can have difficult moments, and newborns interact on a very simple level. But babies quickly develop the ability to be active participants in communication. And they respond in ways that are incredibly rewarding for parents. That draws you in and makes you want to keep interacting.

You don’t have to be an expert on babies to figure this out. All you have to do is try things and – this is really important – pay attention to how your baby responds. Base the things you do and say according to those responses. The interaction should go back and forth, kind of like a game of tennis.

Bottom line. Kids will spend lots of time playing with toys, looking at books, and eventually, using tablets, smart phones and whatever else they invent in the next ten years. But when they are little babies (and even after that), what they and their brains need most is touch and interaction from people who love them.

Dad Central’s booklet, Daddy I Need You, has lots of great information about how baby brain development and how fathers can help.

The Best Start Resource Centre also has some great information on the development of babies’ brains.


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